Litecoin was created in 2011 by a Google employee Charlie Lee. Currently, this cryptocurrency is one of the largest by market capitalization. Litecoin was created as one of the first forks of the Bitcoin blockchain. Also, it is safe to say that Litecoin is one of the first altcoins. While Bitcoin is based on SHA-256 algorithm, Litecoin utilizes a lighter scrypt algorithm.
Cosmos is a network which connects different distributed ledgers. It means that Cosmos helps to process interblockchain operations. Consensus algorithm used by Cosmos is Proof-of-Stake. Currently, the validators of the Cosmos ecosystem are forming an Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) protocol. The native token of the Cosmos system is ATOM.
Dogecoin (DOGE) was founded in the US in 2013 as a joke but quickly gained a large following. It became a popular cryptocurrency (DOGE) used for tipping the content creators (mainly on Reddit and Telegram). As the creators had no serious plans for their currency they didn't elaborate a roadmap and were not working on the improvement of their project too much. The founder of Dogecoin Jackson Palmer left the project in 2015.
Released in 2014, Groestlcoin (GRS) cryptocurrency enables private and fast transactions. It is the first coin that activated Lightning Network and SegWit. You can buy GRS for both crypto and fiat currencies (USD, EUR, GBP, KRW). This cryptocurrency is listed on multiple exchanges.
Binance Coin is a digital asset issued in 2017 by Binance, which is one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges. Binance Coin (BNB) is an ERC20 token based on the Ethereum blockchain. The asset is available on most of the big centralized exchanges.
Binance Coin gets strong support both on Binance and Binance DEX. Binance users get discounts for trades with pairs that include BNB, while on Binance DEX most of the trading pairs include BNB. Due to the strong popularity of the brand, the native Binance asset has quickly became a major success and one of the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. It survived harsh 2018 without any notable troubles.
Basic Attention Token (or BAT) is an utility token and ad exchange tool associated with the Brave browser. BAT is an open-source decentralized project as it's based on the Ethereum blockchain.
The very concept of BAT is aimed at changing relations between users, advertisers, and publishers creating a separate ad space where ads can be easily switched off by users. If users opt to watch ads they get rewards from advertisers in BAT tokens. Users can donate BAT tokens to content creators or use it on the platform.
EOS is an innovational blockchain-based ecosystem promoted as an alternative to Ethereum due to a similar set of features. It was founded in 2017 by a company block.one. EOS is a platform for hosting of decentralized applications which provides developers with a rich choice of functions and services. The platform uses a native token of the same name, EOS.
EOS is aimed at the total removal of the transaction fees and limitless network capacity reaching millions of transactions per second. At the same time, there is still much work to do. The governance model of this platform is quite unusual. Instead of anonymity, EOS relies on popularity and responsibility of elected independent block producers. The protocol is known as delegated-proof-of-stake.
Dash was launched in 2014 and changed several names before becoming Dash as we know it today. The initial goal of the project was to create a cryptocurrency network which would operate faster and cheaper than Bitcoin and would be capable to maintain more privacy. Holders of large amounts of Dash have different privileges (Instant Send, Private Send, etc).
Dash is an open-source project. It has its own blockchain. The currency is supported by many crypto wallets and it has gained significant market capitalization. Another great achievement is its numerous partnerships including cooperations with Western Union, web stores, etc.
Bitcoin Cash is the most popular Bitcoin hard fork proposed by Roger Ver in 2017 as a solution to the problem of slow transactions in the Bitcoin network. The idea was to create a version of Bitcoin that would be better for payments, while original Bitcoin is considered more as a store of value. Bitcoin Cash has a bigger block size than Bitcoin so the transactions of this currency are faster and cheaper. On the other side, it requires more resources to run the full node of Bitcoin Cash which makes it more vulnerable to centralization.
Bitcoin Cash quickly attracted a huge following and became a prominent part of the cryptocurrency market. BCH is available on many exchanges and is supported by numerous crypto services. Since the launch of the project, it has never left the top 10.
Cardano coin (ADA) is a cryptocurrency launched in 2017. The currency is based on the Cardano network. The leader of the dev team is Charles Hoskinson, an experienced developer who worked for Ethereum and BitShares prior to the launch of Cardano. Cardano is the first cryptocurrency to use academically peer-reviewed open-source code, which makes this project quite unique.
The consensus algorithm of Cardano is Proof-of-Stake. Cardano is usually praised for its high level of security and quick transactions. Cardano currency quickly gained value and became one of the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization.
Bitcoin SV is a Bitcoin Cash hard fork that took place in 2018 as an alternative to Bitcoin Cash ABC. One of the core developers of Bitcoin SV Craig Wright believes that Bitcoin SV is much closer to the initial idea of Bitcoin than Bitcoin Cash ABC. The dev team of Bitcoin SV is focused on fast transactions. Their goal is creating use case opportunities for Bitcoin.
Bitcoin SV survived a series of delistings from several notable cryptocurrency exchanges and managed to keep its high position on the market. Bitcoin SV is one of the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization and its daily trade volume is similar to its rival Bitcoin Cash ABC.
The 0x (ZRX) token is an Ethereum-based token operating as the native token of the 0x protocol. It is noteworthy that the 0x protocol represents an open-source framework for developers. The protocol facilitates both ERC-20 and ERC-721 assets. It aims to make transactions get settled in the off-chain mode to improve overall performance of decentralized exchange.
Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency created in 2009 by a person or group of people under the name of Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin was proposed as an alternative to the conventional banking system in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008. Unlike banks, the Bitcoin network is a decentralized anonymous peer-to-peer payment system designed to the way that it is almost impossible for a single entity to gain control over this network.
Ethereum is an innovation network providing its own blockchain with its cryptocurrency (Ether or ETH). This blockchain hosts decentralized applications (DApps) that were first introduced by Ethereum. Another innovation of this platform is the implementation of smart contracts which has changed the perception of the possible use of the blockchain, revealing the potential of the technology to its fullest.
Ripple is a global payment protocol aimed to provide fast transactions and cheap payments internationally. The network uses a digital currency known as XRP (sometimes it's referred to as Ripple). Unlike other cryptocurrencies Ripple is not aimed to replace banks, rather this project is created to improve the work of banks (including transactions between different banks) via blockchain solutions.
Tether is a cryptocurrency launched in 2014. It is a so-called stablecoin currently leading by market capitalization. Although according to the initial idea, each Tether was backed by $1 (that was going to keep the price of Tether stable), the company not always managed to maintain this price (at some point in October 2018 the price dropped to $0.9 per one Tether). Tether succeeds in terms of market capitalization and its price is almost all the time is really close to $1.
TRON is a blockchain-based entertainment platform with its native token TRX. The mainnet was launched in 2018. The platform is supposed to be a cheap way to consume entertainment content and easily share it. TRON is capable of hosting entertainment content and DApps.